Automatic tile press according to the different materials and types of tile press, automatic tile roof forming machine is also divided into three categories:
1. Ceramic tile automatic press machine:
This kind of tile press is used to produce ceramic tile products with clay as raw material. After pressing the product also need to dry, glaze (or do not need to glaze) and then through 1000℃ high temperature sintering.
2. Automatic cement tile press machine:
This kind of tile press is used to produce cement tile products with cement sand as raw material. The product only needs to be painted after drying and curing.
3. Color steel tile automatic tile press machine:
This kind of tile press to steel sheet metal as the raw material, the product only needs to be pressed after the paint.
The above three different types of automatic tile press, its structure principle is different.
1. Structure principle of ceramic tile automatic tile press machine
China's tile press industry used by the automatic tile press machine was introduced from Germany, Italy, France and other countries, in 2006 a pottery factory successfully developed a domestic automatic tile press, compared with imported products, in detail there are more suitable for China's national conditions of improvement. But whether domestic or imported automatic tile press, the basic principle and structure are roughly the same.
This kind of ceramic tile press machine is mainly composed of left and right body, bottom connecting rod, top case cover, sliding seat, six-way runner, belt wheel, gear mechanism, groove wheel mechanism, CAM mechanism, lubrication pump, oil circuit system, electric control part and so on. The stamping process of the upper die: the motor drives the input shaft through the belt pulley, the pinion and the big gear drive the upper shaft, and the sliding seat with the upper die moves up and down through a set of CAM mechanism to realize the pressure tile. Transposition of table is installed on the shaft end gear set, dial pin gear transmission, toggle mounted on the six-party turn sheave on the shaft to implement dividing positioning, on the shaft at each end is equipped with a and installed on the same shaft and suppression of conjugate CAM to CAM, lower die are implemented by locating rod and the positioning plate in the precise localization of work position. In the left and right sides of the chassis, installed with a lubrication pump, the machine works through the oil pipe to the friction movement parts of the transport of lubricating oil.
The mud billet extruded by the extruder is cut into a fixed length by the cutting machine and sent to the tile press by the roller conveyor, which is sent to the lower die by the loader according to the specified procedures. The pressed tile billet is absorbed by the vacuum sucker of the tile unloader after the table is rotated and placed on the wattle of the conveying line.
Ceramic tile tile press workbench has six process, (namely the six-party wheel) of table, have a first-class mechanical index, positioning, also set up a set of precise positioning, fully ensure every time stamping process, the workbench mould of accurate positioning, install the sliding table is enclosure structure of upper die, slide guide rail and fuselage on the guide rail, contact length, upper die each time stamping, The process of the mud blank has two stamping that is, the first time on the die after the tile blank in place, the upper die rises 10㎜, so that the mud blank is fully exhaust, the upper die then downward pressure tile blank in place, to return to the highest position, so the mold has a long service life, the product quality is good.
2. Structure principle of automatic cement tile press machine
Compared with the ceramic tile automatic pressure tile mechanism, the structure principle of cement tile pressure tile machine is relatively simple, which is mainly composed of hydraulic pump, hydraulic slide plug, fixed table, movable table, pressure tile mold and so on. Its working principle is that the current process will be raw material into the next mold, hydraulic pump driven pressure tile mold automatically under pressure, cement sand under the action of pressure is filtered more water and is pressed into dense and has a certain strength of cement tile products.
In the early production of ceramic tile process also used such hydraulic press for pressing, but because this type of model in the billet, demoulding, take tile automation is difficult to adapt to mud body, easy to produce deformation, so not to meet the automation requirements of ceramic tile industry, only in semi-mechanized ceramic tile can be applied.
3. Structure principle of color steel tile automatic tile press machine
The structure principle of color steel tile automatic press tile machine and cement tile automatic press tile machine is basically the same. The difference is that the color steel tile press tile machine does not need to consider the deformation and maintenance of products after pressing. So in principle, its requirements are simpler, as long as a certain pressure can be reached. But compared with the first two kinds of press, its product size is larger. So the appearance of mechanical equipment is also larger.
Caigang tile press workbench has six process, (namely the six-party wheel) of table, in addition to the primary mechanical index, positioning, also set up a set of positioning, fully ensure every time stamping process, the workbench mould of accurate positioning, install the sliding table is enclosure structure of upper die, slide guide rail and fuselage on the guide rail, contact length, upper die each time stamping, The process of the mud blank has two stamping that is, the upper die by the previous pressure tile blank in place, the upper die rises 10㎜, so that the mud blank is fully exhaust, the upper die then downward pressure tile blank in place, to return to a higher position, so the mold has a long service life, the product quality is good. Color steel tile press will be equipped with a lubrication system, when the machine runs, automatic lubrication of all bearing bearings, transmission gear mechanism movement guide rail and other parts.
Color steel tile press in the equipment technology constantly updated, can be roughly divided into three processes, their advantages and disadvantages are as follows:
1, roller forming tile press:
As a result of rolling production shape is single, tile quality is not high has gradually faded out of the market.
2, extrusion molding color tile press:
High yield, fast speed, but the cost is too high, after molding, spray color machine spray, poor brightness, only a layer of color on the surface can not be attached to the tile surface alone, and must be mixed in the expensive adhesive can be. Colourful tiles cost too much.
3, mold color tile press machine:
At present, the more advanced color tile machine models, most of the machines are using Mitsubishi PLC control system, mainly touch screen and digital display of the points. Mould made of special steel, durable and long service life. The main machine is equipped with strengthening head and general pressure plate, which can easily replace different main tile mold and special-shaped tile mold, suitable for the production of various types of cement tile and channel plate brick.
No matter what kind of tile press needs to be installed and debugging, the subsequent operation process also has a lot of important matters to pay attention to, but also in the maintenance of some opinions.
Equipment installation and debugging
Above all sorts of tile press equipment before the installation must be installed according to the manufacturer to provide equipment foundation drawing, completes the concrete foundation, and make the compressor installation framework (channel steel weldments) to place it in completely curing concrete, based on the school framework level, superior to secondary grouting anchor bolt, after being cured, pressure machine to install.
Equipment operation and precautions
Of tile press equipment before use, should check whether all connection, installation of bolts and nuts are tight, about case should be put in sufficient lubrication oil, energized to start the machine commissioning, first run idle look carefully, with and without vibration, noise, whether oil window to oil, whether parts movement coordination, after all is ok to install the mold, mold installation, The power must be cut off to prevent the slip seat from falling naturally, causing an accident. The upper die is installed on the bottom surface of the sliding seat, and the appropriate thickness of the backing plate is placed, to ensure that the upper and lower die after closing the die, four surrounding clearance is uniform, the distance between the upper and lower die is equal to the thickness of the required tile. And then the above model shall prevail, the workbench transposition, the installation of the other five pay the next mold, all the installation of the upper and lower mold before driving the pressure tile.
Working procedure: start the air compressor, vacuum pump, extruder, tile cutter, feeder, tile press, main engine and watto conveyor in sequence when starting up, and reverse the starting sequence when stopping.
Maintenance and maintenance
Don't understand the machine structure and the performance and operation procedures shall not start the machine, automatic tile press work of more than the minimum height shall be strictly forbidden, namely the sliding surface to work at the bottom of the face after the requirements of minimum distance 290 ㎜ mould clamping height and, top and bottom plate thick slab thickness, with background doesn't allow more than 290 ㎜, molds should be designed according to this requirement, To avoid machine accidents. Always pay attention to the sliding box and the height of lubricating oil in both sides of the body. Equipment should be wiped frequently, keep clean, do not have mud water.